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Failure of Justice: p-Values and the Courts

[From the abstract of the working paper, “US Courts of Appeal cases frequently misinterpret p-values and statistical significance: An empirical study”, by Adrian Barnett and Steve Goodman, posted at Open Science Framework] “We examine how p-values and statistical significance have been interpreted…

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VASISHTH: The Statistical Significance Filter Leads To Overoptimistic Expectations of Replicability

[This blog draws on the article “The statistical significance filter leads to overoptimistic expectations of replicability”, authored by Shravan Vasishth, Daniela Mertzen, Lena A. Jäger, and Andrew Gelman, published in the Journal of Memory and Language, 103, 151-175, 2018. An open…

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Significant Effects From Low-Powered Studies Will Be Overestimates

[From the article, “The statistical significance filter leads to overoptimistic expectations of replicability” by Shravan Vasishth, Daniela Mertzen, Lena Jäger, and Andrew Gelman, published in the Journal of Memory and Language] Highlights: “When low-powered studies show significant effects, these will…

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BLANCO-PEREZ & BRODEUR: Progress in Publishing Negative Results?

[From the working paper, “Publication Bias and Editorial Statement on Negative Findings” by Cristina Blanco-Perez and Abel Brodeur] Prior research points out that there is a selection bias in favor of positive results by editors and referees. In other words,…

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More Evidence on How Control Variables Affect Statistical Significance

[From the working paper “Achieving Statistical Significance with Covariates and without Transparency” by Gabriel Lenz and Alexander Sanz] “An important yet understudied area of researcher discretion is the use of covariates in statistical models. Researchers choose which covariates to include in…

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