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Meta-Research: The Big Picture

[From the paper “Calibrating the scientific ecosystem through meta-research” by Tom Hardwicke, Stylianos Serghiou, Perrine Janiaud, Valentin Danchev, Sophia Crüwell, Steven Goodman, and John Ioannidis, forthcoming in Annual Review of Statistics and Its Application] “Meta-research has been defined as ‘the…

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GOODMAN & REED: A Friendly Debate about Pre-Registration

Background: Nat Goodman is generally pessimistic about the benefits of pre-registration. Bob Reed is generally optimistic about pre-registration. What follows is a back-and-forth dialogue about what each likes and dislikes about pre-registration. [GOODMAN, Opening Statement] We need to remember that…

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Not Only That, Effect Sizes from Registered Reports Are Also Much Lower

[In a recent post at TRN, we highlighted that positive results were drastically lower in registered reports. In this post, we report findings about effect sizes. Excerpts are taken from “The Meaningfulness of Effect Sizes in Psychological Research: Differences Between…

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Why So Many Insignificant Results in a Meta-analysis?

[From the blog “Where Do Non-Significant Results in Meta-Analysis Come From?” by Ulrich Schimmack, posted at Replicability-Index] “It is well known that focal hypothesis tests in psychology journals nearly always reject the null-hypothesis … However, meta-analyses often contain a fairly…

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Another Economics Journal Pilots Pre-Results Review

[From the article “Pre-results review reaches the (economic) lab: Experimental Economics follows the Journal of Development Economics in piloting pre-results review”, an interview with Irenaeus Wolff, published at http://www.bitss.org. The following are excerpts from that interview.] “In its April 2019…

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IN THE NEWS: Vox (May 17, 2019)

[From the article “This economics journal only publishes results that are no big deal: Here’s how that might save science” by Kelsey Piper, published in Vox] “Most new publications, upon their launch, seek to promote their content as novel, surprising,…

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In Two Decades, Will We Look Back And Wonder At All the Flawed Research?

[From the article, “Rein in the four horsemen of irreproducibility”, by Dorothy Bishop, published in Nature] “More than four decades into my scientific career, I find myself an outlier among academics of similar age and seniority: I strongly identify with…

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Does Psychology Have a Publication Bias Problem? Yes and No

[From the article, “The Meaningfulness of Effect Sizes in Psychological Research: Differences Between Sub-Disciplines and the Impact of Potential Biases” by Thomas Schäfer and Marcus Schwarz, published April 11, 2019 in Frontiers in Psychology] “From past publications without preregistration, 900…

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It’s Not A Problem, It’s an Opportunity

[From the blog “The replication crisis is good for science” by Eric Loken, published at The Conversation] “Science is in the midst of a crisis: A surprising fraction of published studies fail to replicate when the procedures are repeated.” “Is…

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GOODMAN: When You’re Selecting Significant Findings, You’re Selecting Inflated Estimates

Replication researchers cite inflated effect sizes as a major cause of replication failure. It turns out this is an inevitable consequence of significance testing. The reason is simple. The p-value you get from a study depends on the observed effect…

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